BASIC FACTS ABOUT EARTH

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These are most of the facts you must know about Earth!!

Earth is the third planet closest to the sun and is the largest of the terrestrial planets.

It is the only planet in our solar system that was not named after a god but rather the name comes from the Anglo-Saxon word “erda” which means ground or soil.

The Earth was formed approximately 4.54 billions years ago.

The Earth’s rotation is gradually slowing at approximately 17 milliseconds per hundred years although the rate at which it occur is not perfectly uniform – This has the effect of lengthening our days but it happens so slowly that it could be as much as 140 million years before the length of a day will have increased to 25 hours.

The Earth has a powerful magnetic field caused by the nickel-iron core of the planet coupled with its rapid rotation.
The magnetic field protects the Earth from the effects of solar wind.

Copernicus was the person in the sixteen century who changed the view of the Earth as being the centre of the universe and postulated that the sun instead is the centre of the universe.

Earth has only one satellite called Moon and it is the fifth largest natural satellite in the solar system.

Until twentieth century, there was no entire map of the planet.

You can explore Earth without a spacecraft.

Earth has the greatest density in our solar system with an approximately 5.52 grams per cubic centimeters.

The mass of the Earth is
5,972,190,000,000,000 billion kg.

Equatorial diameter is 12,756 km.

Polar diameter is 12,714 km.

Equatorial circumference is
40,030 km.

Orbit distance from the sun is 149,598,262 km.

Orbit period is 365.26 Earth days.

Surface Temperature is -88 to 58
degree celsius.

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